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全新3D打印机合体控制板使用说明

主控板Mega Controller(Mega主控)及LCD/SD卡拓展板Mini Panel使用说明
简要说明41 硬件接口说明35 固件及软件下载27 固件配置35 开始打印21 合体板IO配置1
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MakerLab创客实验室  ›  学习系统  ›  3d 打印  ›  全新3D打印机合体控制板使用说明

固件配置

By Andy at 2 年前 , 28306 次浏览



如果你还没有下载固件,请下载固件。

固件——Marlin

固件是安装在mega2560板子上的软件,功能强大的Marlin是不错的选择。

固件下载地址:https://github.com/MakerLabMe/Marlin/tree/add_chinese_font
压缩包:https://github.com/MakerLabMe/Marlin/archive/add_chinese_font.zip
下载后解压后,marlin文件夹里的所有文件就是固件的源代码,找到里面的pde或ino文件用IDE软件打开即可。

ArduinoAddons->Arduino_1.x.x->libraries下面的U8glib目录需要拷贝到你的IDE目录->libraries下(或我的文档->Arduino->libraries),这样在使用Mini Panel时不会出错。


将上图中的u8glib文件夹,拷贝到下图Arduino IDE文件夹中的Libraries文件夹中

配置固件

为了全面的说明固件配置,这里尝试给Marlin配置文件(Configuration.h)做全面的中文说明,希望对大家有帮助。并且针对自己的情况做相应调整。这里的配置文件上最新版本的Marlin的,跟之前的可能有所不通。

最常见的需要改的参数是:板子类型,温度传感器类型,各轴比率(steps/mm),及限位开关配置,如果有LCD,再打开LCD配件即可。其它细节参数可以慢慢调整。

#ifndef CONFIGURATION_H
#define CONFIGURATION_H

// This configuration file contains the basic settings.
//本文件只包含基本配置。
// Advanced settings can be found in Configuration_adv.h
//高级配置需要到Configuration_adv.h 文件中进行配置。
// BASIC SETTINGS: select your board type, temperature sensor type, axis scaling, and endstop configuration
//基本设置:选择板子类型,温度传感器类型,轴比率,及限位开关设置

//===========================================================================
//============================= DELTA Printer ===============================
//===========================================================================
// For a Delta printer rplace the configuration files wilth the files in the
// example_configurations/delta directory.
//DELTA打印机需要更换配置文件
//

// User-specified version info of this build to display in [Pronterface, etc] terminal window during
// startup. Implementation of an idea by Prof Braino to inform user that any changes made to this
// build by the user have been successfully uploaded into firmware.
#define STRING_VERSION_CONFIG_H __DATE__ " " __TIME__ // build date and time
#define STRING_CONFIG_H_AUTHOR "(MakerLab, default config)" // Who made the changes.
//这里可以配置修改配置的作者。

// SERIAL_PORT selects which serial port should be used for communication with the host.
// This allows the connection of wireless adapters (for instance) to non-default port pins.
// Serial port 0 is still used by the Arduino bootloader regardless of this setting.
#define SERIAL_PORT 0
//这里配置用于传输Gcode的串口号,默认使用串口0作为通讯串口,如果想要在其它串口用蓝牙通讯,可以配置为相应的串口号。

// This determines the communication speed of the printer
// This determines the communication speed of the printer
#define BAUDRATE 250000
//波特率配置,这里的波特率需要跟上位机一致才可以,否则将无法通讯成功

// This enables the serial port associated to the Bluetooth interface
//#define BTENABLED // Enable BT interface on AT90USB devices
//只适用于AT90USB相应的板子


//// The following define selects which electronics board you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup
// 10 = Gen7 custom (Alfons3 Version) "https://github.com/Alfons3/Generation_7_Electronics"
// 11 = Gen7 v1.1, v1.2 = 11
// 12 = Gen7 v1.3
// 13 = Gen7 v1.4
// 2 = Cheaptronic v1.0
// 20 = Sethi 3D_1
// 3 = MEGA/RAMPS up to 1.2 = 3
// 33 = RAMPS 1.3 / 1.4 (Power outputs: Extruder, Fan, Bed)
// 34 = RAMPS 1.3 / 1.4 (Power outputs: Extruder0, Extruder1, Bed)
// 35 = RAMPS 1.3 / 1.4 (Power outputs: Extruder, Fan, Fan)
// 4 = Duemilanove w/ ATMega328P pin assignment
// 5 = Gen6
// 51 = Gen6 deluxe
// 6 = Sanguinololu < 1.2
// 62 = Sanguinololu 1.2 and above
// 63 = Melzi
// 64 = STB V1.1
// 65 = Azteeg X1
// 66 = Melzi with ATmega1284 (MaKr3d version)
// 67 = Azteeg X3
// 68 = Azteeg X3 Pro
// 7 = Ultimaker
// 71 = Ultimaker (Older electronics. Pre 1.5.4. This is rare)
// 77 = 3Drag Controller
// 8 = Teensylu
// 80 = Rumba
// 81 = Printrboard (AT90USB1286)
// 82 = Brainwave (AT90USB646)
// 83 = SAV Mk-I (AT90USB1286)
// 9 = Gen3+
// 70 = Megatronics
// 701= Megatronics v2.0
// 702= Minitronics v1.0
// 90 = Alpha OMCA board
// 91 = Final OMCA board
// 301 = Rambo
// 21 = Elefu Ra Board (v3)
// 310 = Mega Controller by MakerLab

#ifndef MOTHERBOARD
#define MOTHERBOARD 310
#endif
//根据你的板子类型选自相应的数字在这里,我这里配置为310,是由我们MakerLab最新设计的合体式的控制板Mega Controller

// Define this to set a custom name for your generic Mendel,
// #define CUSTOM_MENDEL_NAME "MakerLab Mendel"
//可以给你的打印机取个名字

// Define this to set a unique identifier for this printer, (Used by some programs to differentiate between machines)
// You can use an online service to generate a random UUID. (eg http://www.uuidgenerator.net/version4)
// #define MACHINE_UUID "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"
//可以定义一个ID,实际生产中比较有用。

// This defines the number of extruders
#define EXTRUDERS 1
//定义挤出头的数量,默认1个,如果配置为2个,下面的相应参数需要配置才可以。

//// The following define selects which power supply you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup
// 1 = ATX
// 2 = X-Box 360 203Watts (the blue wire connected to PS_ON and the red wire to VCC)

#define POWER_SUPPLY 1
//电源类型,主要用于控制电源的开关的,如果你用电脑电源,并且接线正确,是有效的,否则可以忽略
// Define this to have the electronics keep the powersupply off on startup. If you don't know what this is leave it.
// #define PS_DEFAULT_OFF

//===========================================================================
//=============================Thermal Settings ============================
//===========================================================================
//
//--NORMAL IS 4.7kohm PULLUP!-- 1kohm pullup can be used on hotend sensor, using correct resistor and table
//
//// Temperature sensor settings:
// -2 is thermocouple with MAX6675 (only for sensor 0)
// -1 is thermocouple with AD595
// 0 is not used
// 1 is 100k thermistor - best choice for EPCOS 100k (4.7k pullup)
// 2 is 200k thermistor - ATC Semitec 204GT-2 (4.7k pullup)
// 3 is mendel-parts thermistor (4.7k pullup)
// 4 is 10k thermistor !! do not use it for a hotend. It gives bad resolution at high temp. !!
// 5 is 100K thermistor - ATC Semitec 104GT-2 (Used in ParCan & J-Head) (4.7k pullup)
// 6 is 100k EPCOS - Not as accurate as table 1 (created using a fluke thermocouple) (4.7k pullup)
// 7 is 100k Honeywell thermistor 135-104LAG-J01 (4.7k pullup)
// 71 is 100k Honeywell thermistor 135-104LAF-J01 (4.7k pullup)
// 8 is 100k 0603 SMD Vishay NTCS0603E3104FXT (4.7k pullup)
// 9 is 100k GE Sensing AL03006-58.2K-97-G1 (4.7k pullup)
// 10 is 100k RS thermistor 198-961 (4.7k pullup)
// 60 is 100k Maker's Tool Works Kapton Bed Thermister
//
// 1k ohm pullup tables - This is not normal, you would have to have changed out your 4.7k for 1k
// (but gives greater accuracy and more stable PID)
// 51 is 100k thermistor - EPCOS (1k pullup)
// 52 is 200k thermistor - ATC Semitec 204GT-2 (1k pullup)
// 55 is 100k thermistor - ATC Semitec 104GT-2 (Used in ParCan & J-Head) (1k pullup)

#define TEMP_SENSOR_0 1//第一个打印头传感器类型配置
#define TEMP_SENSOR_1 0//如果配置为两个挤出头,此传感器需要配置
#define TEMP_SENSOR_2 0
#define TEMP_SENSOR_BED 1//热床传感器类型配置,如果不需要热床,可以改为0

//配置温度传感器类型,非常重要,否则读到的温度不正常,如果需要热电偶加AD595,需要配置为-1,Mega controller支持接热电偶,但具体接线与热敏接线位置不同,请参考前面的硬件接线部分了解详情。
// This makes temp sensor 1 a redundant sensor for sensor 0. If the temperatures difference between these sensors is to high the print will be aborted.
//这里的配置是用来检查传感器是否正常的,用传感器1与传感器0对比,如果相差太大,将不能打印。双头不能使用。
//#define TEMP_SENSOR_1_AS_REDUNDANT
#define MAX_REDUNDANT_TEMP_SENSOR_DIFF 10

// Actual temperature must be close to target for this long before M109 returns success
//每次打印前都会通过M109检查温度是否达到要求,否则将不会开始打印
#define TEMP_RESIDENCY_TIME 10 // (seconds) 连续检查10秒钟
#define TEMP_HYSTERESIS 3 // (degC) range of +/- temperatures considered "close" to the target one 波动范围3摄氏度
#define TEMP_WINDOW 1 // (degC) Window around target to start the residency timer x degC early.

// The minimal temperature defines the temperature below which the heater will not be enabled It is used
// to check that the wiring to the thermistor is not broken.
// Otherwise this would lead to the heater being powered on all the time.
//最低温度配置,如果低于这个温度,将认为接线有误,会报错。步进电机及加热都不能进行操作,所以在测试前一定要把热敏都接好,否则不能正常测试。
#define HEATER_0_MINTEMP 5
#define HEATER_1_MINTEMP 5
#define HEATER_2_MINTEMP 5
#define BED_MINTEMP 5

// When temperature exceeds max temp, your heater will be switched off.
// This feature exists to protect your hotend from overheating accidentally, but *NOT* from thermistor short/failure!
// You should use MINTEMP for thermistor short/failure protection.
//最大温度配置,为了避免过高温度的加热
#define HEATER_0_MAXTEMP 275
#define HEATER_1_MAXTEMP 275
#define HEATER_2_MAXTEMP 275
#define BED_MAXTEMP 150

// If your bed has low resistance e.g. .6 ohm and throws the fuse you can duty cycle it to reduce the
// average current. The value should be an integer and the heat bed will be turned on for 1 interval of
// HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER intervals.
//如果热床电流太大,可以通过调整下面参数来降低电流,增大这个数值。
//#define HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER 4

// If you want the M105 heater power reported in watts, define the BED_WATTS, and (shared for all extruders) EXTRUDER_WATTS
//如果想要M105报告耗费的电能,可以配置下面参数
//#define EXTRUDER_WATTS (12.0*12.0/6.7) // P=I^2/R
//#define BED_WATTS (12.0*12.0/1.1) // P=I^2/R

// PID settings:
// Comment the following line to disable PID and enable bang-bang.
//是否使用PID算法
#define PIDTEMP
#define BANG_MAX 255 // limits current to nozzle while in bang-bang mode; 255=full current
#define PID_MAX 255 // limits current to nozzle while PID is active (see PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE below); 255=full current
#ifdef PIDTEMP
//#define PID_DEBUG // Sends debug data to the serial port.
//#define PID_OPENLOOP 1 // Puts PID in open loop. M104/M140 sets the output power from 0 to PID_MAX
#define PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE 10 // If the temperature difference between the target temperature and the actual temperature
// is more then PID_FUNCTIONAL_RANGE then the PID will be shut off and the heater will be set to min/max.
#define PID_INTEGRAL_DRIVE_MAX 255 //limit for the integral term
#define K1 0.95 //smoothing factor within the PID
#define PID_dT ((OVERSAMPLENR * 8.0)/(F_CPU / 64.0 / 256.0)) //sampling period of the temperature routine

// If you are using a preconfigured hotend then you can use one of the value sets by uncommenting it
// Ultimaker
#define DEFAULT_Kp 22.2
#define DEFAULT_Ki 1.08
#define DEFAULT_Kd 114

// Makergear
// #define DEFAULT_Kp 7.0
// #define DEFAULT_Ki 0.1
// #define DEFAULT_Kd 12

// Mendel Parts V9 on 12V
// #define DEFAULT_Kp 63.0
// #define DEFAULT_Ki 2.25
// #define DEFAULT_Kd 440
#endif // PIDTEMP

// Bed Temperature Control
// Select PID or bang-bang with PIDTEMPBED. If bang-bang, BED_LIMIT_SWITCHING will enable hysteresis
//
// Uncomment this to enable PID on the bed. It uses the same frequency PWM as the extruder.
// If your PID_dT above is the default, and correct for your hardware/configuration, that means 7.689Hz,
// which is fine for driving a square wave into a resistive load and does not significantly impact you FET heating.
// This also works fine on a Fotek SSR-10DA Solid State Relay into a 250W heater.
// If your configuration is significantly different than this and you don't understand the issues involved, you probably
// shouldn't use bed PID until someone else verifies your hardware works.
// If this is enabled, find your own PID constants below.
//热床PID温控开启
//#define PIDTEMPBED
//
//#define BED_LIMIT_SWITCHING

// This sets the max power delivered to the bed, and replaces the HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER option.
// all forms of bed control obey this (PID, bang-bang, bang-bang with hysteresis)
// setting this to anything other than 255 enables a form of PWM to the bed just like HEATER_BED_DUTY_CYCLE_DIVIDER did,
// so you shouldn't use it unless you are OK with PWM on your bed. (see the comment on enabling PIDTEMPBED)
#define MAX_BED_POWER 255 // limits duty cycle to bed; 255=full current

#ifdef PIDTEMPBED
//120v 250W silicone heater into 4mm borosilicate (MendelMax 1.5+)
//from FOPDT model - kp=.39 Tp=405 Tdead=66, Tc set to 79.2, aggressive factor of .15 (vs .1, 1, 10)
#define DEFAULT_bedKp 10.00
#define DEFAULT_bedKi .023
#define DEFAULT_bedKd 305.4

//120v 250W silicone heater into 4mm borosilicate (MendelMax 1.5+)
//from pidautotune
// #define DEFAULT_bedKp 97.1
// #define DEFAULT_bedKi 1.41
// #define DEFAULT_bedKd 1675.16
//可以使用“M303 E-1 C8 S90”来自动测量PID的三个参数。
// FIND YOUR OWN: "M303 E-1 C8 S90" to run autotune on the bed at 90 degreesC for 8 cycles.
#endif // PIDTEMPBED



//this prevents dangerous Extruder moves, i.e. if the temperature is under the limit
//can be software-disabled for whatever purposes by
//防止不安全的挤出动作,比如温度没有达到要求,此时软件不会挤出,可以发送M302允许冷挤出。进行测试。
#define PREVENT_DANGEROUS_EXTRUDE
//if PREVENT_DANGEROUS_EXTRUDE is on, you can still disable (uncomment) very long bits of extrusion separately.
//是否运行长挤出
#define PREVENT_LENGTHY_EXTRUDE

//挤出头最低温度设定
#define EXTRUDE_MINTEMP 170
#define EXTRUDE_MAXLENGTH (X_MAX_LENGTH+Y_MAX_LENGTH) //prevent extrusion of very large distances.

//===========================================================================
//=============================Mechanical Settings===========================
//===========================================================================

// Uncomment the following line to enable CoreXY kinematics
//如果使用CoreXY运动系统需要去掉前面的“//”
// #define COREXY

//限位开关上拉电阻开启
// coarse Endstop Settings
#define ENDSTOPPULLUPS // Comment this out (using // at the start of the line) to disable the endstop pullup resistors

#ifndef ENDSTOPPULLUPS
// fine Enstop settings: Individual Pullups. will be ignored if ENDSTOPPULLUPS is defined
//分别对各个限位开关进行上拉电阻的配置
// #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMAX
// #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMAX
// #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMAX
// #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMIN
// #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMIN
// #define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMIN
#endif

#ifdef ENDSTOPPULLUPS
#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMAX
#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMAX
#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMAX
#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_XMIN
#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_YMIN
#define ENDSTOPPULLUP_ZMIN
#endif

// The pullups are needed if you directly connect a mechanical endswitch between the signal and ground pins.
//如果你使用机械式的限位开关,并且接到了信号和GND两个接口,那么上面的上拉配置需要打开
const bool X_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop.
const bool Y_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop.
const bool Z_MIN_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop.
const bool X_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop.
const bool Y_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop.
const bool Z_MAX_ENDSTOP_INVERTING = true; // set to true to invert the logic of the endstop.
//配置3个轴的限位开关类型的,配置为true,限位开关应该接常开端子。如果你接常闭端子,则将true改为false。
//#define DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS
//#define DISABLE_MIN_ENDSTOPS

// Disable max endstops for compatibility with endstop checking routine
#if defined(COREXY) && !defined(DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS)
#define DISABLE_MAX_ENDSTOPS
#endif

// For Inverting Stepper Enable Pins (Active Low) use 0, Non Inverting (Active High) use 1
//步进驱动使能管脚电平高低配置,对于4988驱动,保持默认的0即可
#define X_ENABLE_ON 0
#define Y_ENABLE_ON 0
#define Z_ENABLE_ON 0
#define E_ENABLE_ON 0 // For all extruders

// Disables axis when it's not being used.
//是否开启自动关闭各轴电机功能
#define DISABLE_X false
#define DISABLE_Y false
#define DISABLE_Z false
#define DISABLE_E false // For all extruders

//各轴运行方向的配置。根据自己机械的类型不通,两个的配置不尽相同。但是原则就是要保证原点应该在打印平台的左下角(原点位置为[0,0]),或右上角(原点位置为[max,max])。只有这样打印出来的模型才是正确的,否则会是某个轴的镜像而造成模型方位不对。参考下图坐标。

#define INVERT_X_DIR true    // for Mendel set to false, for Orca set to true
#define INVERT_Y_DIR false // for Mendel set to true, for Orca set to false
#define INVERT_Z_DIR true // for Mendel set to false, for Orca set to true
#define INVERT_E0_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false
#define INVERT_E1_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false
#define INVERT_E2_DIR false // for direct drive extruder v9 set to true, for geared extruder set to false

// ENDSTOP SETTINGS:
// Sets direction of endstops when homing; 1=MAX, -1=MIN
//配置回原点的方向,-1为MIN限位方向,1为MAX限位方向
#define X_HOME_DIR -1
#define Y_HOME_DIR -1
#define Z_HOME_DIR -1

//软限位配置,如果为true,超过轴极限后,不运行
#define min_software_endstops false // If true, axis won't move to coordinates less than HOME_POS.
#define max_software_endstops true // If true, axis won't move to coordinates greater than the defined lengths below.

// Travel limits after homing
//各轴最大运行距离
#define X_MAX_POS 205
#define X_MIN_POS 0
#define Y_MAX_POS 205
#define Y_MIN_POS 0
#define Z_MAX_POS 200
#define Z_MIN_POS 0

#define X_MAX_LENGTH (X_MAX_POS - X_MIN_POS)
#define Y_MAX_LENGTH (Y_MAX_POS - Y_MIN_POS)
#define Z_MAX_LENGTH (Z_MAX_POS - Z_MIN_POS)
//============================= Bed Auto Leveling ===========================

#define ENABLE_AUTO_BED_LEVELING // Delete the comment to enable (remove // at the start of the line)
//是否开启自动调平功能
#ifdef ENABLE_AUTO_BED_LEVELING

// these are the positions on the bed to do the probing
//自动调平时的4个位置
#define LEFT_PROBE_BED_POSITION 15
#define RIGHT_PROBE_BED_POSITION 135
#define BACK_PROBE_BED_POSITION 160
#define FRONT_PROBE_BED_POSITION 20

// these are the offsets to the prob relative to the extruder tip (Hotend - Probe)
//调平传感器与挤出头的坐标偏移,加热头坐标-调平探针坐标
#define X_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER -34
#define Y_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER 8
#define Z_PROBE_OFFSET_FROM_EXTRUDER -14.3

#define Z_RAISE_BEFORE_HOMING 4 // (in mm) Raise Z before homing (G28) for Probe Clearance.
// Be sure you have this distance over your Z_MAX_POS in case
//回原点前,z轴升起的距离,放置太低,调平探针无法放下

#define XY_TRAVEL_SPEED 8000 // X and Y axis travel speed between probes, in mm/min
//调平时,XY轴的运行速度
#define Z_RAISE_BEFORE_PROBING 15 //How much the extruder will be raised before traveling to the first probing point.
//运行到第一个调平点前,Z轴升起的距离
#define Z_RAISE_BETWEEN_PROBINGS 5 //How much the extruder will be raised when traveling from between next probing points
//运行到下一个调平点前,Z轴升起的距离

//If defined, the Probe servo will be turned on only during movement and then turned off to avoid jerk
//The value is the delay to turn the servo off after powered on - depends on the servo speed; 300ms is good value, but you can try lower it.
// You MUST HAVE the SERVO_ENDSTOPS defined to use here a value higher than zero otherwise your code will not compile.
//舵机关闭延时,为了防止抖动,建议开启这个功能。否则舵机会抖动
#define PROBE_SERVO_DEACTIVATION_DELAY 300


//If you have enabled the Bed Auto Levelling and are using the same Z Probe for Z Homing,
//it is highly recommended you let this Z_SAFE_HOMING enabled!!!
//Z轴安全回零配置。开启后,Z轴回零前,XY必须先回零才可以
#define Z_SAFE_HOMING // This feature is meant to avoid Z homing with probe outside the bed area.
// When defined, it will:
// - Allow Z homing only after X and Y homing AND stepper drivers still enabled
// - If stepper drivers timeout, it will need X and Y homing again before Z homing
// - Position the probe in a defined XY point before Z Homing when homing all axis (G28)
// - Block Z homing only when the probe is outside bed area.

#ifdef Z_SAFE_HOMING

#define Z_SAFE_HOMING_X_POINT (X_MAX_LENGTH/2) // X point for Z homing when homing all axis (G28)
#define Z_SAFE_HOMING_Y_POINT (Y_MAX_LENGTH/2) // Y point for Z homing when homing all axis (G28)

#endif

// with accurate bed leveling, the bed is sampled in a ACCURATE_BED_LEVELING_POINTSxACCURATE_BED_LEVELING_POINTS grid and least squares solution is calculated
// Note: this feature occupies 10'206 byte
#define ACCURATE_BED_LEVELING

#ifdef ACCURATE_BED_LEVELING
// I wouldn't see a reason to go above 3 (=9 probing points on the bed)
#define ACCURATE_BED_LEVELING_POINTS 2
#endif

#endif


// The position of the homing switches
//#define MANUAL_HOME_POSITIONS // If defined, MANUAL_*_HOME_POS below will be used
//#define BED_CENTER_AT_0_0 // If defined, the center of the bed is at (X=0, Y=0)

//Manual homing switch locations:
// For deltabots this means top and center of the cartesian print volume.
#define MANUAL_X_HOME_POS 0
#define MANUAL_Y_HOME_POS 0
#define MANUAL_Z_HOME_POS 0
//#define MANUAL_Z_HOME_POS 402 // For delta: Distance between nozzle and print surface after homing.

//// MOVEMENT SETTINGS
#define NUM_AXIS 4 // The axis order in all axis related arrays is X, Y, Z, E
#define HOMING_FEEDRATE {50*60, 50*60, 4*60, 0} // set the homing speeds (mm/min)
//配置回零速度

// default settings

//关键参数,XYZE各轴运行1mm需要发送的脉冲数,这个数据一定要正确,否则打印出来的尺寸会不对。可以使用我的计算器来计算这几个参数,3d打印机计算器 ,或自己通过公式计算:
x_steps_per_mm = y_steps_per_mm =
z_steps_per_mm =
e_steps_per_mm =
公式中的参数说明
Steps = 步进电机的步数 (1.8度步距角的电机为 200, 0.9度步距角的电机为 400.)
Microstepping = 步进电机驱动细分配置 (RAMPS默认为 1/16 etc.)
BeltPitch = 同步带齿间距 (对于T5为5.00mm , 对于XL为5.08mm ,对于GT2为2.0mm etc.)
PulleyTeeth = 同步轮齿数 (数一下你的同步轮齿数)
Zd = 丝杆螺纹间距 (对于M8标准丝杆为1.25mm)
ERatio = 挤出机齿轮比 (Wade's Extruder: 39/11, Accessible Wade's by Greg Frost: 43/10, Adrian's Extruder: 59/11, etc.
BoltDiameter = 挤出轮螺杆(齿轮)直径

#define DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT   {85.3333,85.3333,2560,158.8308}  // default steps per unit for Ultimaker
#define DEFAULT_MAX_FEEDRATE {500, 500, 5, 25} // (mm/sec) 各轴最大速度
#define DEFAULT_MAX_ACCELERATION {9000,9000,100,10000} // X, Y, Z, E maximum start speed for accelerated moves. E default values are good for skeinforge 40+, for older versions raise them a lot.各轴对应的最大加速度

#define DEFAULT_ACCELERATION 3000 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s^2 for printing moves,默认加速度
#define DEFAULT_RETRACT_ACCELERATION 3000 // X, Y, Z and E max acceleration in mm/s^2 for retracts,

// Offset of the extruders (uncomment if using more than one and relying on firmware to position when changing).
// The offset has to be X=0, Y=0 for the extruder 0 hotend (default extruder).
// For the other hotends it is their distance from the extruder 0 hotend.
//如果有多个挤出头,需要配置各挤出头的偏移量
//#define EXTRUDER_OFFSET_X {0.0, 20.00} // (in mm) for each extruder, offset of the hotend on the X axis
// #define EXTRUDER_OFFSET_Y {0.0, 5.00} // (in mm) for each extruder, offset of the hotend on the Y axis

// The speed change that does not require acceleration (i.e. the software might assume it can be done instantaneously)
//各轴不需要加速的距离,即无需加速,立即完成的距离
#define DEFAULT_XYJERK 20.0 // (mm/sec)
#define DEFAULT_ZJERK 0.4 // (mm/sec)
#define DEFAULT_EJERK 5.0 // (mm/sec)

//===========================================================================
//=============================Additional Features===========================
//===========================================================================

// EEPROM
// the microcontroller can store settings in the EEPROM, e.g. max velocity...
// M500 - stores paramters in EEPROM
// M501 - reads parameters from EEPROM (if you need reset them after you changed them temporarily).
// M502 - reverts to the default "factory settings". You still need to store them in EEPROM afterwards if you want to.
//define this to enable eeprom support
//是否开启EEPROM,开启后,可以通过Gcode或LCD来修改,载入,保存相关参数。
#define EEPROM_SETTINGS
//to disable EEPROM Serial responses and decrease program space by ~1700 byte: comment this out:
// please keep turned on if you can.
//关闭串口修改EEPROM的功能
//#define EEPROM_CHITCHAT

// Preheat Constants
//预热参数配置
#define PLA_PREHEAT_HOTEND_TEMP 180
#define PLA_PREHEAT_HPB_TEMP 70
#define PLA_PREHEAT_FAN_SPEED 255 // Insert Value between 0 and 255

#define ABS_PREHEAT_HOTEND_TEMP 240
#define ABS_PREHEAT_HPB_TEMP 100
#define ABS_PREHEAT_FAN_SPEED 255 // Insert Value between 0 and 255

//LCD and SD support
//#define ULTRA_LCD //general lcd support, also 16x2
//#define DOGLCD // Support for SPI LCD 128x64 (Controller ST7565R graphic Display Family)
//#define SDSUPPORT // Enable SD Card Support in Hardware Console
//#define SDSLOW // Use slower SD transfer mode (not normally needed - uncomment if you're getting volume init error)
//#define ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP 1 // Increase if you have a high resolution encoder
//#define ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM 5 // Set according to ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP or your liking
//#define ULTIMAKERCONTROLLER //as available from the ultimaker online store.
//#define ULTIPANEL //the ultipanel as on thingiverse
//#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_HZ 1000 // this is the tone frequency the buzzer plays when on UI feedback. ie Screen Click
//#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_DURATION_MS 100 // the duration the buzzer plays the UI feedback sound. ie Screen Click

// The MakerLab Mini-Panel with graphic controller and SD support
// http://reprap.org/wiki/Mini_panel
//如果你使用了MakerLab的Mini Panel,需要开启这个选项
#define MINIPANEL


// The MaKr3d Makr-Panel with graphic controller and SD support
// http://reprap.org/wiki/MaKr3d_MaKrPanel
//#define MAKRPANEL

// The RepRapDiscount Smart Controller (white PCB)
// http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRapDiscount_Smart_Controller
//#define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER

// The GADGETS3D G3D LCD/SD Controller (blue PCB)
// http://reprap.org/wiki/RAMPS_1.3/1.4_GADGETS3D_Shield_with_Panel
//#define G3D_PANEL

// The RepRapDiscount FULL GRAPHIC Smart Controller (quadratic white PCB)
// http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRapDiscount_Full_Graphic_Smart_Controller
//
// ==> REMEMBER TO INSTALL U8glib to your ARDUINO library folder: http://code.google.com/p/u8glib/wiki/u8glib
//#define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_FULL_GRAPHIC_SMART_CONTROLLER

// The RepRapWorld REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD v1.1
// http://reprapworld.com/?products_details&products_id=202&cPath=1591_1626
//#define REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD
//#define REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD_MOVE_STEP 10.0 // how much should be moved when a key is pressed, eg 10.0 means 10mm per click

// The Elefu RA Board Control Panel
// http://www.elefu.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=53
// REMEMBER TO INSTALL LiquidCrystal_I2C.h in your ARUDINO library folder: https://github.com/kiyoshigawa/LiquidCrystal_I2C
//#define RA_CONTROL_PANEL

#if defined (MINIPANEL)
#define DOGLCD
#define SDSUPPORT
#define ULTIPANEL
#define NEWPANEL
#endif

//automatic expansion
#if defined (MAKRPANEL)
#define DOGLCD
#define SDSUPPORT
#define ULTIPANEL
#define NEWPANEL
#define DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST 17
#endif

#if defined (REPRAP_DISCOUNT_FULL_GRAPHIC_SMART_CONTROLLER)
#define DOGLCD
#define U8GLIB_ST7920
#define REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER
#endif

#if defined(ULTIMAKERCONTROLLER) || defined(REPRAP_DISCOUNT_SMART_CONTROLLER) || defined(G3D_PANEL)
#define ULTIPANEL
#define NEWPANEL
#endif

#if defined(REPRAPWORLD_KEYPAD)
#define NEWPANEL
#define ULTIPANEL
#endif
#if defined(RA_CONTROL_PANEL)
#define ULTIPANEL
#define NEWPANEL
#define LCD_I2C_TYPE_PCA8574
#define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x27 // I2C Address of the port expander
#endif

//I2C PANELS

//#define LCD_I2C_SAINSMART_YWROBOT
#ifdef LCD_I2C_SAINSMART_YWROBOT
// This uses the LiquidCrystal_I2C library ( https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/wiki/Home )
// Make sure it is placed in the Arduino libraries directory.
#define LCD_I2C_TYPE_PCF8575
#define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x27 // I2C Address of the port expander
#define NEWPANEL
#define ULTIPANEL
#endif

// PANELOLU2 LCD with status LEDs, separate encoder and click inputs
//#define LCD_I2C_PANELOLU2
#ifdef LCD_I2C_PANELOLU2
// This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later ( https://github.com/lincomatic/LiquidTWI2 )
// Make sure the LiquidTWI2 directory is placed in the Arduino or Sketchbook libraries subdirectory.
// (v1.2.3 no longer requires you to define PANELOLU in the LiquidTWI2.h library header file)
// Note: The PANELOLU2 encoder click input can either be directly connected to a pin
// (if BTN_ENC defined to != -1) or read through I2C (when BTN_ENC == -1).
#define LCD_I2C_TYPE_MCP23017
#define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x20 // I2C Address of the port expander
#define LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER //comment out to disable buzzer on LCD
#define NEWPANEL
#define ULTIPANEL

#ifndef ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP
#define ENCODER_PULSES_PER_STEP 4
#endif

#ifndef ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM
#define ENCODER_STEPS_PER_MENU_ITEM 1
#endif


#ifdef LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER
#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_HZ 1000
#define LCD_FEEDBACK_FREQUENCY_DURATION_MS 100
#endif

#endif

// Panucatt VIKI LCD with status LEDs, integrated click & L/R/U/P buttons, separate encoder inputs
//#define LCD_I2C_VIKI
#ifdef LCD_I2C_VIKI
// This uses the LiquidTWI2 library v1.2.3 or later ( https://github.com/lincomatic/LiquidTWI2 )
// Make sure the LiquidTWI2 directory is placed in the Arduino or Sketchbook libraries subdirectory.
// Note: The pause/stop/resume LCD button pin should be connected to the Arduino
// BTN_ENC pin (or set BTN_ENC to -1 if not used)
#define LCD_I2C_TYPE_MCP23017
#define LCD_I2C_ADDRESS 0x20 // I2C Address of the port expander
#define LCD_USE_I2C_BUZZER //comment out to disable buzzer on LCD (requires LiquidTWI2 v1.2.3 or later)
#define NEWPANEL
#define ULTIPANEL
#endif

// Shift register panels
// ---------------------
// 2 wire Non-latching LCD SR from:
// https://bitbucket.org/fmalpartida/new-liquidcrystal/wiki/schematics#!shiftregister-connection
//#define SR_LCD
#ifdef SR_LCD
#define SR_LCD_2W_NL // Non latching 2 wire shiftregister
//#define NEWPANEL
#endif


#ifdef ULTIPANEL
// #define NEWPANEL //enable this if you have a click-encoder panel
#define SDSUPPORT
#define ULTRA_LCD
#ifdef DOGLCD // Change number of lines to match the DOG graphic display
#define LCD_WIDTH 20
#define LCD_HEIGHT 5
#else
#define LCD_WIDTH 20
#define LCD_HEIGHT 4
#endif
#else //no panel but just lcd
#ifdef ULTRA_LCD
#ifdef DOGLCD // Change number of lines to match the 128x64 graphics display
#define LCD_WIDTH 20
#define LCD_HEIGHT 5
#else
#define LCD_WIDTH 16
#define LCD_HEIGHT 2
#endif
#endif
#endif

// default LCD contrast for dogm-like LCD displays
#ifdef DOGLCD
#ifndef DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST
#define DEFAULT_LCD_CONTRAST 32
#endif
#endif

// Increase the FAN pwm frequency. Removes the PWM noise but increases heating in the FET/Arduino
//#define FAST_PWM_FAN

// Temperature status leds that display the hotend and bet temperature.
// If alle hotends and bed temperature and temperature setpoint are < 54C then the BLUE led is on.
// Otherwise the RED led is on. There is 1C hysteresis.
//#define TEMP_STAT_LEDS

// Use software PWM to drive the fan, as for the heaters. This uses a very low frequency
// which is not ass annoying as with the hardware PWM. On the other hand, if this frequency
// is too low, you should also increment SOFT_PWM_SCALE.
//风扇的软PWM开启
//#define FAN_SOFT_PWM

// Incrementing this by 1 will double the software PWM frequency,
// affecting heaters, and the fan if FAN_SOFT_PWM is enabled.
// However, control resolution will be halved for each increment;
// at zero value, there are 128 effective control positions.
#define SOFT_PWM_SCALE 0

// M240 Triggers a camera by emulating a Canon RC-1 Remote
// Data from: http://www.doc-diy.net/photo/rc-1_hacked/
// #define PHOTOGRAPH_PIN 23

// SF send wrong arc g-codes when using Arc Point as fillet procedure
//#define SF_ARC_FIX

// Support for the BariCUDA Paste Extruder.
//#define BARICUDA

//define BlinkM/CyzRgb Support
//#define BLINKM

/*********************************************************************\
* R/C SERVO support
* Sponsored by TrinityLabs, Reworked by codexmas
**********************************************************************/

//舵机配置
// Number of servos
//
// If you select a configuration below, this will receive a default value and does not need to be set manually
// set it manually if you have more servos than extruders and wish to manually control some
// leaving it undefined or defining as 0 will disable the servo subsystem
// If unsure, leave commented / disabled
//配置舵机数量,自动调平一般用1个就够了
#define NUM_SERVOS 1 // Servo index starts with 0 for M280 command

// Servo Endstops
//
// This allows for servo actuated endstops, primary usage is for the Z Axis to eliminate calibration or bed height changes.
// Use M206 command to correct for switch height offset to actual nozzle height. Store that setting with M500.
//自动调平探针安装的哪个轴,-1表示关闭,0标识在此轴上,分别上XYZ
#define SERVO_ENDSTOPS {-1, -1, 0} // Servo index for X, Y, Z. Disable with -1
#define SERVO_ENDSTOP_ANGLES {0,0, 0,0, 125,42} // X,Y,Z Axis Extend and Retract angles
//定义xyz三个轴上舵机放下和收起后的角度。这个参数我会在自动调平文章中说明如何确定。

#include "Configuration_adv.h"
#include "thermistortables.h"

#endif //__CONFIGURATION_H

本文最后更新于:一个月前
35 回复
menglongfc medium avatar
#1 - 2 年前
menglongfc

编译完的固件如何烧录到主控板?

Andy medium avatar
#2 - 2 年前
Andy

@menglongfc

上传固件

上传之前,windows用户需要提前安装驱动。
配置板子类型:Tools > Board > Arduino Mega 2560 ,如图

配置串口: Tools > Serial Port > 你的mega板子对应串口号一般是最后一个,如果是windows系统,串口号一般是com3、com4、com8之类的形式。如图

点击对号按钮来检查是否有错误,如图

再点击向右的箭头按钮来上传固件,如图

上传过程中,2560板子上的TX RX 和L对应的三个led灯都会闪。如果不闪了,说明上传完成,如图

上传中...

上传完成提示

如果上传成功,你就可以进入下一个步骤了,如果上传中出现问题而无法上传,请查看IDE下方的提示框,确认是什么问题后进行进行解决再上传,常见错误板子类型选择错误,串口选择错误等。

hir888 medium avatar
#3 - 2 年前
hir888

文章太有帮助了,自己翻译的意思很多都不知所云,专业术语太多。但希望有KOSSE并联臂版本的固件配置说明就好了。

define_ni medium avatar
#5 - 2 年前
define_ni

#define EXTRUDERS 1
//定义挤出头的数量,默认1个,如果配置为2个,下面的相应参数需要配置才可以。
//// The following define selects which power supply you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup
// 1 = ATX

// 2 = X-Box 360 203Watts (the blue wire connected to PS_ON and the red wire to VCC)

请教老大如果是双喷头,“下面的相应参数需要配置才可以”是怎么改?下面的代码都是电源相关的,与挤出头数量有什么关系很困惑啊!

Andy medium avatar
#6 - 2 年前
Andy

@define_ni

//// The following define selects which power supply you have. Please choose the one that matches your setup
// 1 = ATX

// 2 = X-Box 360 203Watts (the blue wire connected to PS_ON and the red wire to VCC)

这个部分?没有关系,这是电源类型,用来控制电源的。

tianjianwudi medium avatar
#7 - 2 年前
tianjianwudi   via Android

E轴每毫米脉冲数是不是应该把耗材直径和喷嘴口直径考虑在内?

Andy medium avatar
#8 - 2 年前
Andy

@tianjianwudi E轴脉冲数跟耗材直径和喷嘴口直径没有关系,这两个参数是切片来处理的。

EMC medium avatar
#9 - 2 年前
EMC

Marlin_main.cpp:204: error: expected `}' before numeric constant
Marlin_main.cpp:204: error: expected ',' or ';' before numeric constant
Marlin_main.cpp:204: error: expected declaration before '}' token
你好,这个错误是怎么回事

拼搏人生1991 medium avatar
#10 - 一年前
拼搏人生1991

上传完成后,显示的也成功,为什么没有反应??/

zhanggang medium avatar
#12 - 一年前
zhanggang

你好,上传时灯不闪,但上传成功,拔掉usb后开机没反应了,是什么情况 ?

Ks187078 medium avatar
#14 - 一年前
Ks187078

風扇運轉控制要寫在哪裡?

limsaber medium avatar
#15 - 一年前
limsaber

你好版主,我想自制H-bot coreXY型的打印机,但是我对coding一窍不通,如果我下载了版主提供的marlin.我需要改哪个文件?configuration_adv.h 而已吗?还是版主有core XY机种的教程?

Andy medium avatar
#16 - 一年前
Andy

@limsaber 大部分跟这篇文章说的差不多,只需要打开corexy选项就可以,仔细看看这篇文章可以解决大部分问题,有不明白的,可以发帖子问我

巨窝 medium avatar
#17 - 一年前
巨窝

有些网上说固件里有双z轴设置,然而我没有找到

巨窝 medium avatar
#18 - 一年前
巨窝

找到了,在Configuration_adv.h中

杨皓0203 medium avatar
#19 - 一年前
杨皓0203

大哥E0接口坏了能告诉E1接口怎么设置?

Andy medium avatar
#20 - 一年前
Andy

@杨皓0203 找到pins.h文件,到相应板子的代码区域(Mega Controller 是310那部分),找到E0和E1的pin配置,将E0的pin改为E1的pin,E1的pin改为E0的pin,这样就会使两国步进部分调换,就可以把E0电机接到E1位置了

lcl10 medium avatar
#21 - 一年前
lcl10

你好,版主,我想问一下有没有支持due的marlin固件么

lcl10 medium avatar
#23 - 一年前
lcl10

@Andy 能否提供一份参考一下,我自己改的固件,2004有显示,但是旋钮不能选择。万分感谢!

justsure91 medium avatar
#24 - 12 个月前
justsure91

你好。看你的文章对我很有帮助。谢谢。只是我遇到一个问题。 我用的SANGUINOLOLU 644P 的板子。但是下载marlin的时候 使能SDSUPPORT 使能SD卡功能。 生成的文件大于644(虽然只大了一点。) 怎么进行缩减不必要的功能来缩小? 我试着删了一些内容,都提示错误。

c327273381 medium avatar
#25 - 12 个月前
c327273381

双Z轴 怎么接 是把E1配置改成Z轴吗 配置怎么改?

Andy medium avatar
#26 - 12 个月前
Andy

@c327273381 configuration_adv.h文件中的

//#define Z_DUAL_STEPPER_DRIVERS  //删除前面的双斜杠

c327273381 medium avatar
#28 - 12 个月前
c327273381

@Andy 为什么打开双Z轴 两个Z轴不同步

Loken medium avatar
#29 - 11 个月前
Loken   via Android

打印头的限位开关插哪

Andy medium avatar
#30 - 11 个月前
Andy

@c327273381 差多少?有没有规律?

@Loken 打印头限位开关?调平用的吗?调平限位开关接Z-

huyuqing medium avatar
#31 - 11 个月前
huyuqing

#define ENABLE_AUTO_BED_LEVELING // Delete the comment to enable (remove // at the start of the line)
//是否开启自动调平功能
开启后编译错误是怎么回事,要怎么修改,请指教

clxxw medium avatar
#32 - 11 个月前
clxxw

版主的解答很详细,赞一个 想问下挤出机的齿数很细,测量不出来,应该怎么计算脉冲值?谢谢

philip medium avatar
#33 - 7 个月前
philip

@拼搏人生1991
你好, 你之前說"上传完成后,显示的也成功,为什么没有反应??"這問題怎樣解決?

@Andy
我修改"#define DEFAULT_AXIS_STEPS_PER_UNIT "這幾個參數,上傳成功,打印出來尺寸依舊一點也沒有改變,我刻意加大一倍還是沒變化,請問怎麼解決?

quchaoying medium avatar
#34 - 7 个月前
quchaoying

楼主 请教你一个问题 我加了热床 怎么再加自动调平

healthtall medium avatar
#35 - 一个月前
healthtall

楼主,我想问下,我的CoreXY结构调试时情况这样,
1 .上电后Repitier里面XYZ都是零点,点击XY轴出现只能往正方向走,往回走呢只能走到零点,但是点击复位没有用,及时撞到限位也还是继续走
2. 我断电后,手动推到滑块撞到XY限位,然后上电,发现也是可以往正方向走,反方向也只是只能走到零点并撞到限位,但是点击复位依旧会撞,根本停不下来啊